Criteria For Lung Transplant In 2023

Lung Transplantation Thoracic Key


Lung transplant surgery is a complex and risky procedure that aims to replace damaged or diseased lungs with healthy ones. This procedure has been performed for many years, and as technology and medical advancements continue to evolve, so do the criteria for lung transplant.

What is a Lung Transplant?

A lung transplant is a surgical procedure that involves the replacement of one or both lungs with a healthy lung or lungs from a donor. This procedure is usually reserved for patients who have end-stage lung disease that cannot be treated with medication or other therapies.

Who is Eligible for a Lung Transplant?

The criteria for lung transplant eligibility vary depending on the specific situation of the patient. Generally, a patient must meet the following criteria to be considered for a lung transplant:

1. Lung Disease

The patient must have a severe lung disease that is not treatable with medications or other therapies. Examples of such diseases include cystic fibrosis, pulmonary fibrosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

2. Age

The patient must be between the ages of 18 and 65, although exceptions can be made in certain cases.

3. Overall Health

The patient must be in good overall health, with no other major medical conditions that could interfere with the success of the transplant.

4. Non-Smoker

The patient must be a non-smoker or have quit smoking for at least six months prior to the transplant.

5. Mental and Emotional Health

The patient must be mentally and emotionally stable, with a strong support system in place to help them through the transplant process.

Pre-Transplant Evaluation

Before a patient is considered for a lung transplant, they will undergo a thorough evaluation to determine if they meet the eligibility criteria. This evaluation will include:

1. Medical History

The patient’s medical history will be reviewed to determine if they have any conditions that could interfere with the transplant.

2. Physical Exam

The patient will undergo a physical exam to assess their overall health and the status of their lungs.

3. Lung Function Tests

The patient will undergo a series of lung function tests to determine the severity of their lung disease and their ability to tolerate the transplant process.

4. Blood Tests

The patient will undergo a series of blood tests to determine their blood type and to screen for any infections or other medical conditions.

Post-Transplant Care

After a lung transplant, the patient will require lifelong care and monitoring to ensure that the transplant is successful and that there are no complications. This care will include:

1. Immunosuppressive Therapy

The patient will need to take medications to suppress their immune system and prevent rejection of the transplanted lung.

2. Regular Check-Ups

The patient will need to have regular check-ups with their transplant team to monitor their lung function and overall health.

3. Lifestyle Changes

The patient will need to make significant lifestyle changes, including quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise.


In conclusion, the criteria for lung transplant in 2023 remain complex and require careful consideration by both the patient and their medical team. While the eligibility criteria have remained relatively consistent, ongoing advancements in medical technology and research will continue to shape the future of lung transplantation.