Difference Between Australian Shepherd And Australian Cattle Dog

Australian Shepherd vs. Australian Cattle Dog Differences and Similarities


When it comes to dogs, there are numerous breeds to choose from. Australian Shepherd and Australian Cattle Dog are two well-known breeds that are often confused with each other. Although they may look similar, they have distinct differences in terms of appearance, temperament, and purpose. In this article, we will explore the differences between these two breeds.


The Australian Shepherd is a medium to large-sized dog with a thick and fluffy coat that comes in a variety of colors. They have a muscular build and a distinctive bobtail. On the other hand, the Australian Cattle Dog is a medium-sized dog with a short and dense coat that is typically blue or red. They have a sturdy build and a long tail.


Australian Shepherds are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and high energy levels. They are great with children and make excellent family pets. They are also highly trainable and excel in obedience and agility competitions. Australian Cattle Dogs, on the other hand, are known for their loyalty, protectiveness, and strong herding instincts. They require early socialization and training to prevent aggressive behavior.


Australian Shepherds were originally bred to herd livestock, but they have also been used as search and rescue dogs, therapy dogs, and even as service dogs. Australian Cattle Dogs were specifically bred for herding cattle on large ranches. They are known for their stamina, endurance, and ability to work in harsh environments.

Exercise Needs

Both breeds require plenty of exercise to stay healthy and happy. Australian Shepherds need at least 60 minutes of exercise per day, while Australian Cattle Dogs need at least 90 minutes of exercise per day. They both enjoy playing and running, and they do best when they have a job to do.


Australian Shepherds need regular grooming to keep their coat healthy and free of mats. They shed heavily twice a year and require weekly brushing. Australian Cattle Dogs have a short coat and require minimal grooming. They shed moderately throughout the year and require occasional brushing.


Both breeds are generally healthy, but they are prone to certain health issues. Australian Shepherds are prone to hip dysplasia, eye problems, and epilepsy. Australian Cattle Dogs are prone to deafness, hip dysplasia, and progressive retinal atrophy. As with any breed, it is important to choose a reputable breeder and keep up with regular vet visits.


Both breeds are highly intelligent and trainable. Australian Shepherds are eager to please and respond well to positive reinforcement training. Australian Cattle Dogs require firm and consistent training, as they can be stubborn and independent.

Compatibility with Other Pets

Both breeds can get along well with other pets if they are properly socialized. Australian Shepherds are more tolerant of other dogs and cats, while Australian Cattle Dogs may exhibit aggressive behavior towards other dogs and small animals.


In summary, while Australian Shepherd and Australian Cattle Dog may look similar, they have distinct differences in terms of appearance, temperament, purpose, exercise needs, grooming, health, training, and compatibility with other pets. Both breeds make wonderful pets for the right owner, but it is important to do your research and choose the breed that best suits your lifestyle and needs.