Essential Amino Acid Mnemonic

Essential Amino Acids Mnemonic YouTube


Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. They play a crucial role in the growth and repair of tissues in the body. Out of the 20 amino acids that are needed to make proteins, 9 of them are essential amino acids. These amino acids cannot be produced by the body and must be obtained through the diet. In this article, we will discuss an essential amino acid mnemonic to help you remember them easily.

The Mnemonic

The mnemonic for essential amino acids is “PVT TIM HALL”. Each letter in this mnemonic represents the first letter of the essential amino acids.


“PVT” stands for three essential amino acids – Phenylalanine, Valine, and Tryptophan. Phenylalanine is needed for the synthesis of tyrosine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. Valine plays a role in muscle growth and repair. Tryptophan is essential for the synthesis of serotonin and melatonin, which regulate mood and sleep.


“TIM” stands for three more essential amino acids – Threonine, Isoleucine, and Methionine. Threonine is important for the synthesis of antibodies and collagen. Isoleucine is involved in muscle metabolism and energy production. Methionine is needed for the synthesis of proteins and the production of sulfur-containing compounds.


“HALL” stands for the remaining three essential amino acids – Histidine, Arginine, and Leucine. Histidine is involved in the formation of red and white blood cells. Arginine plays a role in immune function and wound healing. Leucine is important for muscle growth and repair.


Remembering the essential amino acids can be challenging, but using a mnemonic can make it easier. “PVT TIM HALL” is an essential amino acid mnemonic that you can use to remember the names of these important amino acids. By incorporating these amino acids into your diet, you can ensure that your body has the necessary building blocks to maintain and repair tissues.