Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer that affects men. In Australia, prostate cancer is the second most common cancer diagnosed in men, with over 16,000 new cases expected to be diagnosed in 2023. Hormone injection therapy is one of the treatment options for prostate cancer, and it is important for patients and their families to understand how it works, its benefits, and its side effects.
What is Hormone Injection Therapy?
Hormone injection therapy, also known as androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), is a treatment option for prostate cancer. The goal of hormone injection therapy is to lower the levels of male hormones, such as testosterone, in the body. Male hormones can stimulate the growth of prostate cancer cells, and by reducing their levels, the growth of cancer cells can be slowed down or stopped.
How is Hormone Injection Therapy Administered?
Hormone injection therapy is usually administered as an injection into the muscle or under the skin. It can also be given in the form of an implant that is inserted under the skin. The injections are usually given every few months or as directed by the doctor.
Benefits of Hormone Injection Therapy
Hormone injection therapy can help to slow down or stop the growth of prostate cancer cells. It can also help to reduce the size of the prostate gland, which can relieve symptoms such as difficulty urinating. Hormone injection therapy can also help to reduce the risk of the cancer spreading to other parts of the body.
Side Effects of Hormone Injection Therapy
Like any other treatment option, hormone injection therapy has its side effects. Some of the common side effects include hot flashes, decreased sex drive, erectile dysfunction, weight gain, and fatigue. Hormone injection therapy can also increase the risk of osteoporosis, which is a condition that weakens the bones.
Hormone injection therapy is an effective treatment option for prostate cancer in Australia. It can help to slow down or stop the growth of cancer cells and reduce the size of the prostate gland. However, it is important for patients and their families to understand the benefits and side effects of hormone injection therapy before making a decision. It is recommended to talk to a doctor or a healthcare professional to discuss the best treatment options for prostate cancer.