The Surgical Fracture Of A Bone To Correct A Deformity

Closed Reduction and Pin Fixation of Hand FractureDislocation John


In some cases, a bone may become deformed due to an injury or a congenital condition. This can cause pain, discomfort, and even disability. One way to correct such deformities is through a surgical fracture, also known as an osteotomy. This procedure involves intentionally breaking the bone and then realigning it to its proper position. In this article, we will discuss the surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity.

Types of Deformities

There are various types of bone deformities that can be corrected through an osteotomy. Some common ones include bowlegs, knock knees, and scoliosis. These conditions can cause problems with walking, standing, and even breathing. An osteotomy can help to improve these issues and restore normal function.

Preparation for Surgery

Before undergoing an osteotomy, the patient will need to undergo a series of tests to determine their overall health. These may include blood tests, imaging scans, and a physical exam. The surgeon will also discuss the risks and benefits of the procedure with the patient and answer any questions they may have.

The Procedure

During the surgery, the patient will be placed under general anesthesia. The surgeon will then make an incision near the affected bone and use specialized tools to carefully break it. Once the bone is fractured, the surgeon will manipulate it into the correct position and secure it with metal plates, screws, or pins. The incision will then be closed with stitches or staples.


After the surgery, the patient will need to stay in the hospital for a few days to monitor their condition. They will be given pain medication and instructions on how to care for their incision. Physical therapy may also be required to help the patient regain strength and mobility. It may take several months for the bone to fully heal, and the patient will need to avoid strenuous activities during this time.

Risks and Complications

As with any surgery, there are risks and complications associated with an osteotomy. These may include infection, bleeding, nerve damage, and poor bone healing. The surgeon will take steps to minimize these risks, but it is important for the patient to follow all post-operative instructions to ensure proper healing.

Benefits of an Osteotomy

Despite the risks, an osteotomy can provide significant benefits for patients with bone deformities. It can improve their quality of life by reducing pain and restoring mobility. It may also prevent further damage to the affected joint or bone.

Alternative Treatments

In some cases, non-surgical treatments may be recommended for bone deformities. These may include bracing, physical therapy, or medication. However, for more severe cases, an osteotomy may be necessary to achieve the desired results.


The surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity is a complex procedure that requires careful planning and execution. It can provide significant benefits for patients with bone deformities, but it is not without risks. Patients should discuss all treatment options with their healthcare provider to determine the best course of action for their individual needs.