What A Surgical Tech Does: An Overview Of Their Role In The Operating Room

Surgical Tech Salary and Career Opportunities in the US AIMS


In the world of medicine, there are many different roles that contribute to the success of a surgical procedure. One of those roles is that of a surgical technologist, or surgical tech for short. In this article, we will explore what a surgical tech does and how they contribute to the overall outcome of a surgical procedure.

What is a Surgical Tech?

A surgical tech is a highly trained healthcare professional who assists in surgical procedures. They work alongside surgeons, nurses, and other healthcare professionals to ensure that the surgical procedure runs smoothly from start to finish. Surgical techs play a critical role in maintaining a sterile environment, preparing surgical instruments, and ensuring that all equipment is functioning properly.

Preparing for Surgery

Before a surgical procedure, a surgical tech will help prepare the operating room. This involves ensuring that all necessary equipment is available and in working order. They will also help to set up the sterile field, which includes creating a sterile environment around the patient and the surgical site. This helps to prevent the spread of infection during the procedure.

Assisting During Surgery

During the surgical procedure, the surgical tech will assist the surgeon by passing instruments and supplies. They will also monitor the surgical field and anticipate the needs of the surgeon before they ask for a particular instrument or tool. This helps to keep the surgical procedure running smoothly and efficiently.

Maintaining a Sterile Environment

A surgical tech is responsible for maintaining a sterile environment throughout the surgical procedure. This means ensuring that all instruments and supplies are properly sterilized and that the sterile field remains intact. They will also help to monitor the air quality in the operating room to ensure that it remains free of contaminants.

Closing the Surgical Site

After the surgical procedure is complete, the surgical tech will help to close the surgical site. This involves removing any instruments and supplies that are no longer needed and assisting with the closure of the incision site. They will also help to prepare the patient for transport to the recovery room.

Working as Part of a Team

A surgical tech is an important part of the surgical team. They work closely with surgeons, nurses, and other healthcare professionals to ensure that the surgical procedure is successful. They must be able to communicate effectively and work well under pressure to help ensure a positive outcome for the patient.

Training and Education

To become a surgical tech, individuals must complete a formal training program. This typically involves completing a certificate or associate degree program and passing a certification exam. Ongoing education is also required to maintain certification and stay up to date with the latest advances in surgical technology.


As you can see, surgical techs play a critical role in the success of a surgical procedure. They help to maintain a sterile environment, prepare surgical instruments, and assist the surgeon throughout the procedure. If you are interested in pursuing a career in healthcare, becoming a surgical tech could be a great option to consider.